Ohio statistics

Graphic of the week

SuicideDisparities_StandAloneGraphic_04.14.2022
As national and state organizations mark September as Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, data show that while suicide deaths among young Ohioans have risen overall in Ohio over the past two decades, the increase has been sharpest among Black Ohioans.

In 1999, the suicide rates for both white Ohioans and Black Ohioans ages 10 to 24 were the same: 6.8 per 100,000 people. By 2020 (the most recent year for which data is available), the rate for white Ohioans had risen to 11.2 (an increase of 64%) and the rate for Black Ohioans had risen to 12.8 (an increase of 88%).

More-recent national research indicates that the disparity in suicide rates may have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Reducing suicide and eliminating disparities are priorities of the Ohio Department of Health’s 2020-2022 State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP). Public- and private-sector leaders can implement strategies identified in the SHIP and Ohio’s 2020-2022 Suicide Prevention Plan, including suicide fatality review boards, behavioral health integration with primary care and education on safe storage of lethal means (i.e., firearms and medications).

If you or someone you know is experiencing emotional distress or a suicidal crisis, please call the 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline; the Trans Lifeline at 877-565-8860 or the Trevor Project at 866-488-7386. If you don’t like talking on the phone, consider using the Crisis Text Line at www.crisistextline.org or text “4HOPE” to 741-741.


Ohio infant mortality rates dropped in 2020, new ODH report finds

Ohio saw a slight dip in its infant mortality rate in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to new 2020 data released by the Ohio Department of Health (Source: “State report: Ohio infant mortality rate 'lowest it has been in past decade',” Columbus Dispatch, Aug. 19).

According to the ODH report, there were 6.7 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2020, down from 6.9 the year prior. Black infants specifically saw a bigger decrease in that time frame, from 14.3 deaths per 1,000 births to 13.6, which is 2.7 times the rate of white infants. In total, 864 infants died before their first birthday in 2020.

The new infant mortality rate is "the lowest it has been in the past decade," according to the report, but it's still far above from the 2028 target of 6 or fewer deaths per 1,000 births for every racial group that was set out in the 2020-2022 State Health Improvement Plan.

"Racial and socio-economic inequities persist," the report acknowledged. "The infant mortality rate not only serves as a key indicator of maternal and infant health but is also an important measure of the health status of a community."


ODH releases monkeypox data dashboard

The Ohio Department of Health launched a monkeypox data dashboard Thursday, showing cases statewide and per county, and by age ranges, sex, hospitalizations, deaths and other information (Source: “Ohio Department of Health launches new monkeypox data dashboard and interactive map showing locations of all 147 cases,” Cleveland.com, Aug. 25).

ODH plans to update the dashboard each Thursday. Currently, there have been 147 confirmed cases across 19 counties. Cuyahoga County, with 69 cases, has the most, followed by Franklin County, which counts 33 cases. 

Just nine people have been hospitalized and no one has died with monkeypox in Ohio thus far.

The state’s first monkeypox case was reported June 13. Cases have increased in Ohio and across the country in the past few weeks.


Graphic of the week

CJH_Standalone_08.19.2022
Over the past year, HPIO has explored the connections between criminal justice and health.
 
The research evidence is clear that poor mental health and addiction are risk factors for criminal justice involvement and that incarceration is detrimental to health (see graphic above).
 
Obstacles to health and well-being are particularly striking for Ohioans who are at highest risk of criminal justice involvement.
 
Next month, HPIO plans to release the third in a series of policy briefs on the topic. The latest edition will explore pretrial incarceration and the bail system.
 
The first brief in the series provides foundational analysis on the connection between criminal justice and health and the second brief explored insights on justice and race.
 
All briefs in the series include evidence-informed policy options to improve the health, safety and well-being of Ohioans.


Graphic of the week

MedianIncome_YPLL_StandAloneGraphic_Final
Data released earlier this year from County Health Rankings show that Black Ohioans have the lowest median household income among groups of Ohioans and have, by far, the highest rate of premature death (years of potential life lost before age 75, which reflects the burden of deaths that potentially could have been prevented).

Between 2018 and 2020, Black Ohioans collectively lost 13,374 years of life before turning 75 years old (see graphic above, which was originally released by HPIO in April). That is nearly as many years lost as Hispanic (5,858) and white Ohioans (8,224) combined.  At the same time, the median household income for Black Ohioans is $12,352 less than Hispanic Ohioans, $28,065 less than white Ohioans and $43,782 less than Asian Ohioans.

“Individual efforts alone cannot overcome the structural barriers that maintain the racial wealth divide,” County Health Rankings states. “Structural barriers include laws, policies, institutional practices, and economic arrangements that create unequal conditions.”

The latest edition of the County Health Rankings includes a curated list of strategies to address racial wealth building, a key to eliminating health disparities.


Graphic of the week

MaternalMorbidity_Fig3_Standalone
Click to enlarge

Recent analysis by HPIO has found that stark differences in maternal health outcomes signal that not everyone has what they need to live a healthy life before, during and after pregnancy.

The graphic above, from the HPIO fact sheet “Racial and Geographic Disparities in Maternal Morbidity and Mortality,” shows urban and Appalachian counties have the highest rates of maternal morbidity in Ohio. Additionally, across both urban and Appalachian counties, Black mothers have the highest rates of maternal morbidity

According the fact sheet, “High maternal morbidity and mortality rates are preventable. State and local policymakers have many options to address racism and discrimination, inequitable community conditions, toxic stress and poor prenatal care access.”


Graphic of the week

FastestGrowingCauses_WorkingAgeOhioans_StandAlone
Analysis released last week by HPIO found that nearly all leading causes of death among working-age Ohioans (ages 15-64) have increased since 2007, with the exception of cancer (see graphic above).

Unintentional injuries, including unintentional drug overdoses and motor vehicle crashes, increased the most from 2007 to 2021 (123%) among the leading causes. Chronic liver disease increased 74% and homicide deaths were up 62%. 

The analysis, which is compiled in a new data snapshot, “Death Trends among Working-age Ohioans,” found that the overall number of deaths among working-age Ohioans increased 51% from 2007 to 2021, from 25,885 to 39,034. If the annual number of deaths had remained constant since 2007, 58,344 fewer working-age Ohioans would have died.


HPIO analysis finds spike in deaths among working-age Ohioans

WorkingAgeTrend_Graph_StandAloneOhioans between the ages of 15 and 64 are dying at a much higher rate than they were 15 years ago, according to new analysis from the Health Policy Institute of Ohio.

The analysis, which is compiled in a new data snapshot, “Death Trends among Working-age Ohioans,” found that the number of deaths among working-age Ohioans increased 51% from 2007 to 2021, from 25,885 to 39,034. If the annual number of deaths had remained constant since 2007, 58,344 fewer working-age Ohioans would have died.

“These mostly preventable deaths have a tremendous impact on Ohio families, communities and society,” according to the data snapshot. “In addition, the loss of a large number of working-age adults negatively affects Ohio’s economy and businesses.”


The increasing death rate for working-age Ohioans is part of a long-term trend, starting in the early 2000s, in which Ohio is doing worse than the U.S. overall. That trend, combined with the long-term decline in Ohio’s labor force participation rate and recent factors related to the pandemic, have made it more difficult for Ohio employers to fill open positions.

“There are many effective strategies to address addiction, promote mental health and support access to healthy food and physical activity,” all factors that could improve Ohio’s working-age death rate, according to the analysis. “Public and private partners can work together to ensure more Ohio workers have the opportunity to live a healthy and productive life.”


Weekly COVID cases drop in Ohio for first time since March

After nearly two months of coronavirus cases increasing, cases declined in Ohio last week (Source: “COVID cases decline in Ohio after climbing for weeks,” Dayton Daily News, June 3).

The state recorded 17,530 COVID-19 cases in the past week, down from 19,546 reported last Thursday, according to the Ohio Department of Health (ODH). It was the first time in eight weeks cases dropped.
 
Hospitalizations have also declined slightly after climbing over the past four weeks. There were 482 cases reported in the last week compared to 506 the previous week, according to ODH. As of Thursday, there were 753 people hospitalized with COVID.


Graphic of the week

MaternalMorbidityFactSheet_Fig2Standalone
Recent analysis by HPIO has found that stark differences in maternal health outcomes signal that not everyone has what they need to live a healthy life before, during and after pregnancy.

The graphic above, from the fact sheet HPIO released last month titled “Racial and Geographic Disparities in Maternal Morbidity and Mortality,” shows that the severe maternal morbidity rate for Black, non-Hispanic mothers in Ohio was 1.85 times higher than the rate for white women in 2019. Asian, non-Hispanic mothers also have a higher maternal morbidity rate than Ohio mothers overall.

According the fact sheet, “High maternal morbidity and mortality rates are preventable. State and local policymakers have many options to address racism and discrimination, inequitable community conditions, toxic stress and poor prenatal care access.”