The Health Policy Institute of Ohio last week released a new brief titled, Connections between Criminal Justice and Health.
According to the brief, “The research evidence is clear that poor mental health and addiction are risk factors for criminal justice involvement and that incarceration is detrimental to health.”
The brief highlights the many factors that impact both criminal justice and health outcomes, finding that:
- There is a two-way relationship between criminal justice and health. Mental health and addiction challenges can lead to arrest and incarceration, and incarceration contributes to poor behavioral and physical health for many Ohioans.
- Racism and community conditions contribute to criminal justice involvement and poor health. Racist and discriminatory policies and practices and community conditions, such as poverty, housing instability and exposure to trauma, lead to increased criminal justice involvement and drive poor health outcomes.
- Improvement is possible. There are evidence-informed policy solutions to combat the drivers of criminal justice involvement and poor health outcomes.
The brief includes 15 specific evidence-informed policy options focused on:
- Supporting mental well-being and improving crisis response for people at higher risk of criminal justice involvement
- Reducing the number of people incarcerated in Ohio
- Improving health for people who are currently or formerly incarcerated
- Improving community conditions for people who are at higher risk of criminal justice involvement